VirtualBox is a virtual machine for x86 architecture developed by Innotek and maintained by Oracle. There are two versions: the full VirtualBox package with a proprietary license and the VirtualBox Open Source Edition (GPL).
Note: If you have any trouble 'capturing' your mouse/cursor within the Ros-VM-window with Virtualbox, first go to the "machine" tab and then select "Disable mouse integration", then click again on the VM-session you're running to 'capture', and this time it should work.
Running the ReactOS Live CD
The following instructions will guide you through the process of creating a ReactOS compatible virtual machine in Virtualbox and mounting the Live CD. The process is demonstrated using Virtualbox 4.2.14 r86644 on Windows 7 x64, but it should similar on other operating systems and versions.
- Download the latest LiveCD release from http://www.reactos.org/download
- Start VirtualBox.
- Click the 'New' button.
- Enter a name and set the type to Microsoft Windows. The version should be set to Windows XP. Click next.
- Choose the amount of RAM you wish to allocate to the Virtual Machine. At least 64 MB is required, but 256 MB or more is recommended.
- Add a Virtual Hard Drive, even if you wish to run from CD. A hard drive is required for booting the system. You can either make a new one, or choose an existing one. Click Create to create your new VM.
- Select your new VM and click Settings.
- Go to the 'Storage' tab and select the empty disk IDE controller.
- Under Attributes, select your Live CD image and tick the 'Live CD/DVD' checkbox.
- Press OK. You are now ready to boot ReactOS.
If you are unable to choose the correct screen resolution in ReactOS, then follow these instructions. They explain the steps for Windows 8, but it should work for ReactOS as well.
Getting debug output
Steps to be taken:
- Set up a serial port in VirtualBox.
- There are other VM's possible, but they all work more or less the same, and they can all send a debug output to a COM port.
- Download VirtualBox, if you haven't done so yet.
- Obviously, to debug/log ReactOS, you also need a ReactOS Debug build. ( You MUST use a Debug build. You will also need 7-Zip to get the ReactOS ISO out of the .7z file.
- When the VirtualBox-window opens, click on the tab
Settings. Click on
- Choose Port Mode:
Host Pipe, tick the Create Pipe option, Port Path:
- IMPORTANT: Don't change the "COM1" port that appears in the Dropdown listbox. Keep it as COM1.
- Download and start PuTTY or your own favourite serial terminal (e.g. HyperTerminal,... )
- This is the program that creates the debug logs. PuTTY can listen to a COM port and write it to file. If you don't know what you're looking for, get the
- "For Windows on Intel x86" putty.exe file. It doesn't need to be installed; you just have to know where you downloaded it to. On Windows Vista and later
- it must be run as Admin, as anything that is to use named pipes.
- Make sure Session is selected on the TreeView on the left. In the main part of the window, under Connection Type, choose the radiobutton Serial. Under Serial Line type
\\.\pipe\ros_pipe. Under speed, type "115200". Depending on your wish how to log, one can go to the TreeView on the left and click on Logging under Session. Under Session Logging, choose All session output.
- Log file name indicates where the debug log will be and what it will be called. Use the Browse button to change the location if you like, but make sure you know where it's being saved!
- Go back to the TreeView on the left and click on Serial (under Connection). Set Flow Control to
None. PuTTY is now configured. Note that on the main page of PuTTY you can Save/Load configurations which makes it even easier.
- Thus, after you elect the serial as connection type, set speed to 115200 baud and put the named pipe path as serial line (
\\.\pipe\ros_pipe), you are ready to go. Of course, instead of
ros_pipe, you can use any unique name, only mind to follow the
- Click on "Open" at the bottom of the PuTTY-window. This activates PuTTY's debug-log-creating abilities, which is a black window with a flashing green
- cursor. If you can see your PuTTY window in the background, you'll see lots of text flying past as PuTTY does its thing. When you've finished with
- exploring ReactOS, you'll have your debug log there. When you shut down the virtual machine, PuTTY will change to inactive state and display error
- message, but when you restart the virtual machine, you can easily reconnect that session by pressing right mouse button on window top bar and selecting
- Restart session.
- First start ReactOS in DEBUG MODE in VirtualBox, then open PuTTY and watch the log.
It has been suggested that there might be some slight data loss with pipes under very heavy output. If one notices this as being the case, and one intends to be a heavy tester/logger, there is still another way of getting a debug-log to work:
Com0com : This is the VirtualBox/PuTTY bridge. It gives you the option to have multiple COM port pairs, but you really only need 1 COM port pair. (Virtual Port Pair 0, for instance). Download and install com0com virtual comport redirector. See the com0com tutorial for more info. At the setup window, you'll see the names of the virtual serial ports (default: "CNCA0" and "CNCB0"). Be sure to check that the driver for com0com is installed correctly (with Device Manager, for instance). Then start your VM. In VirtualBox, go to "Settings", "Serial Ports" and set "Port Mode" to "Host Device" in the drop-down box (NOT "Host pipe"). Then, set Port/File Path to "\\.\CNCA0". Next, start Putty; check "Serial" and at the Serial line now type "CNCB0", and click on "open". As said earlier, a black box should appear, and when you run ReactOS in debug mode, the box will fill with text, aka, your log.
IMPORTANT: Make sure to use the digitally signed version of the com0com driver on 64-bit versions of Windows Vista and later.
You need to download the VMwareGateway application. Start it with /r option to make it run as a service (in Windows Vista you have to use an elevated CMD for this). You can download a x86/x64 build here that does not require VirtualBox to run elevated on Vista/Win7. Next you need to start the service, using SC command:
sc start vmwaregateway
Sort out any firewall pop-up if applicable. Finally, use your favorite telnet client to connect to localhost on port 567.
To configure your virtual machine, set it to Host Pipe with the following pipe address:
Make sure you do not mark the Create Pipe box. VMwareGateway has already created it. Debug output should appear in your telnet client PuttyTel.
Setup a serial port in VirtualBox as shown below.
If you just simply want a display of the debug output in a terminal window, socat works nicely.
The usage is very simple:
socat unix-client:pipe_path stdout
You could also do this:
socat unix-client:pipe_path stdio
Substitute "pipe_path" with the path of the pipe you created using VirtualBox (e.g. "/tmp/ReactOS-Debug.pipe").
In case you want to redirect the socat output to a file you can use the following command:
socat -u unix-client:pipe_path stdio OPEN:log_file_name,creat,trunc
Where log_file_name is the file you want to send VirtualBox serial output to.
If ReactOS crashes, you should still be able to type in the VirtualBox window - e.g. within a debug session. You'll see the input and output on the console window which socat is running in.
This guide is based on the terminal application minicom. First install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install minicom
Then you will have to configure a pipe. Type Ctrl+A, then O. Select Configure serial ports, and name the device unix#pipe_path where "pipe_path" is a file like /tmp/vboxlog which will be used as pipe between the virtual machine and minicom.
Create the new Virtual Machine in VirtualBox, then go to the Serial Ports configuration. Select Host pipe, type the "pipe_path" and select Create Pipe.
Make sure that pipe_path is exactly the same on both minicom and VirtualBox.
Redirect to file (Linux host)
When running minicom, type Ctrl-A then L. Type the name of the capture file.
Serial port output using com0com
Install and configure com0com according to the com0com guide.
Enable the first serial port for your ReactOS machine. Use port number "COM1", mode "host device" and port path "COM4" or whatever virtual port you created first with com0com.
Connect your terminal application to your second virtual port and start up VirtualBox.
Installing Guest Additions
Mount the CD in the CD-Drive and open the file VBoxWindowsAdditions.exe and follow the setup instructions.
Setting up audio
ReactOS has had limited support for sound since the 0.3.9 release, but it is recommended to test sound with a trunk build.
In VirtualBox Machine Settings, enable audio and set the following:
- Host Audio Driver: Windows DirectSound
- Audio Controller: ICH AC97
After installing ReactOS:
- Download the Intel AC 97 driver from ReactOS Application Manager
- Extract the files to C:\ReactOS\
- Restart the virtual machine
- Install and start your favorite audio playback or multimedia application (e.g. Winamp, VLC, MPlayer)
- Open an audio file and play
- The AC97 Driver only supports PCM Wave Audio in the range 8000-44.100Khz, 16Bit Samples and 2 Channels
- Sample rate conversion is not yet supported
- The driver has issues when changing the sample rate of the audio stream