Difference between revisions of "QEMU"

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Qemu is a free x86 Emulator/Virtual Machine for Linux and Windows.
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[http://www.qemu.org/ QEMU] is a free x86 emulator for Linux and Windows. A preloaded QEMU image of ReactOS can be found [http://www.reactos.org/download here].
  
 
If you are looking for a faster virtual machine, give [[VirtualBox]] or [[VMware]] a try.
 
If you are looking for a faster virtual machine, give [[VirtualBox]] or [[VMware]] a try.
  
== ReactOS preloaded with QEMU ==
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== Installing ReactOS on QEMU ==
  
A preloaded QEMU image of ReactOS can be found [http://www.reactos.org/en/download.html here].
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* Create a drive image, on which ReactOS will be installed, by typing:
<!-- file not found, url updated, previous url: http://www.reactos.org/xhtml/en/download.html -->
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== Installing ReactOS on QEMU ==
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1. Create a drive image, on which ReactOS will be installed, by typing:
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<pre>qemu-img create ReactOS.img 100M</pre>
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qemu-img create ReactOS.img 1000M
  
''100M'' stands for 100 megabytes- that shall be enough.
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''1000M'' stands for 1000 megabytes- that shall be enough. It shall be greater, if you plan to install some application to try under ReactOS.
It shall be greater, if you plan to install some application to try under ReactOS.
+
  
2. In *nix only, type:
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* In *nix only, type:
  
<pre>sudo umount /dev/shm
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sudo umount /dev/shm
sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=144m none /dev/shm</pre>
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sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=144m none /dev/shm
  
3. Type:
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* Type:
  
<pre>qemu -L . -m 256 -cdrom ReactOS.iso -hda ReactOS.img -boot d -localtime -serial file:ReactOS.log</pre>
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qemu -L . -m 256 -cdrom ReactOS.iso -hda ReactOS.img -boot d -localtime -serial file:ReactOS.log
''-m 256'' stand for 256MB RAM
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''-boot d'' instructs qemu to boot from the cdrom. Without ''-boot d'' it will boot from the HDD (Reactos.img).
+
  
''ReactOS.iso'' is the image of the '''installation''' cd, which can be downloaded from http://www.reactos.org/en/download.html
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''-m 256'' stand for 256&nbsp;MB RAM
 +
''-boot d'' instructs QEMU to boot from the CD-ROM. Without ''-boot d'' it will boot from the hard drive (Reactos.img).
  
 +
''ReactOS.iso'' is the image of the '''installation''' CD, which can be downloaded from http://www.reactos.org/en/download.html
  
 
When reinstalling ReactOS, perform steps 2 (if necessary) and 3 only.
 
When reinstalling ReactOS, perform steps 2 (if necessary) and 3 only.
  
If you want to copy some files to ReactOS, you could create an CD-ROM image and mount it on qemu.
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If you want to copy some files to ReactOS, you could create an CD-ROM image and mount it on QEMU.
You can run qemu this way:
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You can run QEMU this way:
<pre>qemu -L . -m 256 -cdrom Applications.iso -hda ReactOS.img -localtime -serial file:ReactOS.log</pre>
+
  
=== Setting up Sound ===
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qemu -L . -m 256 -cdrom Applications.iso -hda ReactOS.img -localtime -serial file:ReactOS.log
  
==== Using AC97 emulation (QEmu 0.10.1 or later) ====
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=== Setting up Sound ===
  
- Set emulation to AC97 (-soundhw ac97)
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==== Using AC97 emulation (QEMU 0.10.1 or later) ====
  
- Install the drivers using downloader! (You need to reboot twice)
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* Set emulation to AC97 (-soundhw ac97)
 +
* Install the drivers using Downloader! (You need to reboot twice)
  
 
===== Known Issues =====
 
===== Known Issues =====
  
- Audio sounds glitchy when changing the audio stream with a high sample rate to a stream with low sample rate
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* Audio sounds glitch when changing the audio stream with a high sample rate to a stream with low sample rate
  
 
==== Using ES1370MP emulation ====
 
==== Using ES1370MP emulation ====
  
- Set emulation to ES1370 (-soundhw es1370)
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* Set emulation to ES1370 (-soundhw es1370)
 +
* Install drivers from here [http://rapidshare.com/files/236843299/windows2.zip.html]
 +
* Create a file named import.reg with the following contents
  
- Install drivers from here [http://rapidshare.com/files/236843299/windows2.zip.html]
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<syntaxhighlight lang="reg">
 
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- Create a file named import.reg with the following contents
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<pre>
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REGEDIT4
 
REGEDIT4
  
Line 92: Line 85:
 
"LineOutVol_Right"=dword:fff9f203
 
"LineOutVol_Right"=dword:fff9f203
 
"LineOutMute"=dword:00000000
 
"LineOutMute"=dword:00000000
 +
</syntaxhighlight>
  
</pre>
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* Import those settings by starting cmd.exe and regedit import.reg
- Import those settings by starting cmd.exe and regedit import.reg
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* Reboot
  
- Reboot
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If you don't hear any sound in '''QEMU 0.10.x''', you'll have to set QEMU_AUDIO_DRV=fmod (available: dsound; fmod; sdl; none ; wav (dump to file) see QEMU documentation for information.
 
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- If you don't hear any sound in '''QEMU 0.10.x''', you'll have to set QEMU_AUDIO_DRV=fmod (available: dsound; fmod; sdl; none ; wav (dump to file) - see qemu docs for info. gabriel_it
+
  
 
===== Known Issues =====
 
===== Known Issues =====
  
- After starting first audio stream, you need to leave qemu and re-enter (seems to be a qemu bug)
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After starting first audio stream, you need to leave QEMU and re-enter (seems to be a QEMU bug)
 +
 
 +
=== Setting up network ===
 +
 
 +
Networking should work by itself using the '-net nic,model=ne2k_pci' and '-net user' switches with QEMU.
  
== Using ReactOS LiveCD on QEMU ==
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== Using ReactOS [[LiveCD]] on QEMU ==
  
1. Move to the previously created directory with the "cd" command.
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# Move to the previously created directory with the <code>cd</code> command.
2. There, type in the following command,
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# There, type in the following command:
  
 
  qemu -L <Path to your QEMU folder>\bios -cdrom <filename>.iso -m 64
 
  qemu -L <Path to your QEMU folder>\bios -cdrom <filename>.iso -m 64
Line 114: Line 110:
  
 
By default, ReactOS debug messages are sent to the serial port (COM1).
 
By default, ReactOS debug messages are sent to the serial port (COM1).
For grabbing that output, you need Qemu version 0.6.1 or later, in which you can specify the -serial option.
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For grabbing that output, you need QEMU version 0.6.1 or later, in which you can specify the -serial option.
  
Valid arguments to -serial include filenames, pipes, COM Ports and [http://www.qemu.org/qemu-doc.html#SEC10 more].
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Valid arguments to -serial include file names, pipes, COM Ports and [http://www.qemu.org/qemu-doc.html#SEC10 more].
 
Those arguments could be:
 
Those arguments could be:
<pre>
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-serial file:"C:\roslog.txt"
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-serial file:"C:\roslog.txt"
-serial pipe:"\\pipe1\"
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-serial pipe:"\\pipe1\"
-serial COM4
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-serial COM4
</pre>
+
  
 
=== Redirect to a file ===
 
=== Redirect to a file ===
 +
 
If you're using the QEMU virtual machine and want to redirect the serial output to a file, add the following to your QEMU command line:
 
If you're using the QEMU virtual machine and want to redirect the serial output to a file, add the following to your QEMU command line:
 
  -serial file:''FILENAME''
 
  -serial file:''FILENAME''
Line 131: Line 127:
  
 
=== Redirect to the console ===
 
=== Redirect to the console ===
The method above redirects the output to a file.
+
 
If you want to redirect it to the console, there are two different methods. They depend on the operating system you run QEMU under.
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The method above redirects the output to a file. If you want to redirect it to the console, there are two different methods. They depend on the operating system you run QEMU under.
 +
 
 
* Under Windows, add the following to your QEMU command line: <pre>-serial file:CON</pre>
 
* Under Windows, add the following to your QEMU command line: <pre>-serial file:CON</pre>
 
* Under a Unix-based operating system, add the following to your QEMU command line: <pre>-serial stdio</pre>
 
* Under a Unix-based operating system, add the following to your QEMU command line: <pre>-serial stdio</pre>
Line 138: Line 135:
 
=== Serial port connection using com0com ===
 
=== Serial port connection using com0com ===
  
Setup the com0com driver like explained in this [[com0com|com0com guide]].
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Setup the com0com driver like explained in this [[com0com]] guide.
  
 
Add the following option to your QEMU command line
 
Add the following option to your QEMU command line
  
<pre>-serial COM4</pre>
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-serial COM4
  
 
Write "COM4" with capital letters otherwise QEMU won't use the serial port at all!
 
Write "COM4" with capital letters otherwise QEMU won't use the serial port at all!
Line 150: Line 147:
 
Another option is to use the [http://svn.reactos.org/downloads/RosTE-0.1.exe ReactOS Test Environment] instead of setting this up manually.
 
Another option is to use the [http://svn.reactos.org/downloads/RosTE-0.1.exe ReactOS Test Environment] instead of setting this up manually.
  
== Speeding up QEMU ==
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== KQEMU ==
If you feel that QEMU is too slow for you, consider using the KQEMU module.
+
  
Refer to this [http://www.nongnu.org/qemu/kqemu-doc.html KQEMU guide] for detailed information about installation and usage.
+
If you feel that QEMU is too slow for you, consider using the KQEMU module.
  
== Notes ==
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Pleas bear in mind that it just works with QEMU up to 0.11 and isn't maintained anymore.
* Networking should work by itself using the '-net nic' and '-net user' switches with QEMU.  
+
  
== External sites ==
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[http://www.reactos.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=1065 Tutorial] by mikedep333
  
* [http://www.qemu.org/ QEMU homepage]
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== See also ==
 +
* [[Transfer files from the host OS to the virtual drive]]
  
 +
[[Category:Tutorial]]
 
[[Category:Virtualization software]]
 
[[Category:Virtualization software]]
[[Category:Free software]]
 

Latest revision as of 06:31, 30 May 2014

QEMU is a free x86 emulator for Linux and Windows. A preloaded QEMU image of ReactOS can be found here.

If you are looking for a faster virtual machine, give VirtualBox or VMware a try.

Installing ReactOS on QEMU

  • Create a drive image, on which ReactOS will be installed, by typing:
qemu-img create ReactOS.img 1000M

1000M stands for 1000 megabytes- that shall be enough. It shall be greater, if you plan to install some application to try under ReactOS.

  • In *nix only, type:
sudo umount /dev/shm
sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=144m none /dev/shm
  • Type:
qemu -L . -m 256 -cdrom ReactOS.iso -hda ReactOS.img -boot d -localtime -serial file:ReactOS.log

-m 256 stand for 256 MB RAM -boot d instructs QEMU to boot from the CD-ROM. Without -boot d it will boot from the hard drive (Reactos.img).

ReactOS.iso is the image of the installation CD, which can be downloaded from http://www.reactos.org/en/download.html

When reinstalling ReactOS, perform steps 2 (if necessary) and 3 only.

If you want to copy some files to ReactOS, you could create an CD-ROM image and mount it on QEMU. You can run QEMU this way:

qemu -L . -m 256 -cdrom Applications.iso -hda ReactOS.img -localtime -serial file:ReactOS.log

Setting up Sound

Using AC97 emulation (QEMU 0.10.1 or later)

  • Set emulation to AC97 (-soundhw ac97)
  • Install the drivers using Downloader! (You need to reboot twice)
Known Issues
  • Audio sounds glitch when changing the audio stream with a high sample rate to a stream with low sample rate

Using ES1370MP emulation

  • Set emulation to ES1370 (-soundhw es1370)
  • Install drivers from here [1]
  • Create a file named import.reg with the following contents
REGEDIT4
 
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E96C-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\0000\Settings]
"WaveVol_Left"=dword:00040000
"WaveVol_Right"=dword:00040000
"WaveLineSM"=dword:00000000
"WaveWaveInSM_Left"=dword:01010101
"WaveWaveInSM_Right"=dword:00000000
"CDVol_Left"=dword:fffffff6
"CDVol_Right"=dword:fffffff6
"CDLineSM"=dword:00000000
"CDWaveInSM_Left"=dword:00000000
"CDWaveInSM_Right"=dword:00000000
"LineInVol_Left"=dword:fffffff6
"LineInVol_Right"=dword:fffffff6
"LineLineSM"=dword:01000001
"LineWaveInSM_Left"=dword:00000000
"LineWaveInSM_Right"=dword:00000000
"MicBoost"=dword:00000001
"MicVol"=dword:fffffff6
"MicLineMute"=dword:00000001
"MicWaveInSM_Left"=dword:00000000
"MicWaveInSM_Right"=dword:00000000
"AuxVol_Left"=dword:fffffff6
"AuxVol_Right"=dword:fffffff6
"AuxLineSM"=dword:00000000
"AuxWaveInSM_Left"=dword:00000000
"AuxWaveInSM_Right"=dword:00000000
"PhoneVol"=dword:fffffff6
"PhoneMute"=dword:00000000
"PhoneWaveInSM_Left"=dword:00000000
"PhoneWaveInSM_Right"=dword:00000000
"LineOutVol_Left"=dword:fff9f203
"LineOutVol_Right"=dword:fff9f203
"LineOutMute"=dword:00000000
  • Import those settings by starting cmd.exe and regedit import.reg
  • Reboot

If you don't hear any sound in QEMU 0.10.x, you'll have to set QEMU_AUDIO_DRV=fmod (available: dsound; fmod; sdl; none ; wav (dump to file) – see QEMU documentation for information.

Known Issues

After starting first audio stream, you need to leave QEMU and re-enter (seems to be a QEMU bug)

Setting up network

Networking should work by itself using the '-net nic,model=ne2k_pci' and '-net user' switches with QEMU.

Using ReactOS LiveCD on QEMU

  1. Move to the previously created directory with the cd command.
  2. There, type in the following command:
qemu -L <Path to your QEMU folder>\bios -cdrom <filename>.iso -m 64

Grabbing debug messages

By default, ReactOS debug messages are sent to the serial port (COM1). For grabbing that output, you need QEMU version 0.6.1 or later, in which you can specify the -serial option.

Valid arguments to -serial include file names, pipes, COM Ports and more. Those arguments could be:

-serial file:"C:\roslog.txt"
-serial pipe:"\\pipe1\"
-serial COM4

Redirect to a file

If you're using the QEMU virtual machine and want to redirect the serial output to a file, add the following to your QEMU command line:

-serial file:FILENAME

Replace FILENAME with the name of a file, into which the debug output shall be written.

Redirect to the console

The method above redirects the output to a file. If you want to redirect it to the console, there are two different methods. They depend on the operating system you run QEMU under.

  • Under Windows, add the following to your QEMU command line:
    -serial file:CON
  • Under a Unix-based operating system, add the following to your QEMU command line:
    -serial stdio

Serial port connection using com0com

Setup the com0com driver like explained in this com0com guide.

Add the following option to your QEMU command line

-serial COM4

Write "COM4" with capital letters otherwise QEMU won't use the serial port at all!

Open your terminal program and start a new connection to your second virtual port. If that port is not listed, try COM4.

Another option is to use the ReactOS Test Environment instead of setting this up manually.

KQEMU

If you feel that QEMU is too slow for you, consider using the KQEMU module.

Pleas bear in mind that it just works with QEMU up to 0.11 and isn't maintained anymore.

Tutorial by mikedep333

See also