Kdbg

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This page was a mirror of the KDBG page (rev 72) on Blight's Wiki

Introduction

KDB, the Kernel DeBugger of ReactOS, is built into ntoskrnl. For each exception which is handled by the kernel, KDB gets up to two chances to handle it. The first chance occurs before the kernel tries to find and execute an exception handler. The last chance occurs after the kernel fails to find an exception handler or the handler did not handle the exception.

For each type of exception known by KDB, you can set the condition when KDB should be entered individually for first and last chance. The possible settings for the conditions are never, umode, kmode and always. never means that KDB will never be entered when the exception is raised, umode means that it will be entered when the exception was raised in user mode, kmode means to enter KDB when the exception was raised in kernel mode, and always means to always enter KDB.

Enabling KDBG before build

KDBG is automatically enabled or disabled by the configuration options script (cmake/config.cmake).

KDBG is by default configured to be enabled for the bootloader entries "ReactOS (Debug)" and "ReactOS (RosDbg)" for all ISO images. See also Debugging#Breaking into the built-in kernel debugger.

KDBinit

As soon as possible KDB loads and interprets the KDBinit file (\SystemRoot\system32\drivers\etc\KDBinit)

The KDBinit file can contain all commands available in the command line interface of KDB plus the break command. When a break is read from the KDBinit file KDB is entered – you can use this to automatically enter KDB when booting.

Here's the default KDBinit file (the break is commented out):

# Example KDBinit file
#

# Set the disassembly flavor to "intel" (default is "at&t")
set syntax intel

# Change the condition to enter KDB on INT3 to "always" (default is "kmode")
#set condition INT3 first always

# This is a special command available only in the KDBinit file - it breaks into
# KDB when it is interpreting the init file at startup.
#break

Command Reference

?

Syntax: ? expression

Evaluate expression. The result is displayed in hexadecimal and unsigned decimal format. If it is < 0 it is also displayed in signed decimal format.

kdb:> ? eip
0xc00a1535  3221886261  -1073081035

The following operands are supported: +,-,*,/,%,==,!=,>,<,>=,<=
Braces are supported.
Brackets can be used to dereference memory. The memory size (byte, word, dword or qword) can be specified as a prefix before the opening bracket. The default is the size of a pointer (dword for IA32)

kdb:> ? 1+2*3
0x00000007           7
kdb:> ? (1+2)*3
0x00000009           9
kdb:> ? [eip]
0xffbe16e8  4290647784    -4319512
kdb:> ? word[eip]
0x000016e8        5864
kdb:> ? byte[eip]
0x000000e8         232         -24
kdb:> ? byte[eip+1]
0x00000016          22
kdb:> ? [0]
        ^ Couldn't access memory at 0x0

bc

Syntax: bc [breakpoint]

Clear breakpoint.

bd

Syntax: bd [breakpoint]

Disable breakpoint.

be

Syntax: be [breakpoint]

Enable breakpoint.

bl

Syntax: bl

List breakpoints.

bpm

Syntax: bpm [r|w|rw|x] [byte|word|dword] [address]

Set memory breakpoint at address.

bpx

Syntax: bpx [address]

Set software execution breakpoint at address.

Note: Don't forget to type 'set condition INT3 first always' when you set a breakpoint in usermode or KDB will not be entered on the breakpoint.

bt

Syntax: bt [*frameaddr]

Print current backtrace or from given frame address. Supports also crossed TSS boundaries.

kdb:> bt
Eip:
<ntoskrnl.exe:153529 (sdk/lib/rtl/i386/debug_asm.S:57 (RtlpBreakWithStatusInstruction))>
Frames:
<ntoskrnl.exe:899b0 (ntoskrnl/ke/bug.c:1136 (KeBugCheckWithTf))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:134826 (ntoskrnl/ke/i386/exp.c:1161 (KeRaiseUserException))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:19ae67 (ntoskrnl/ke/i386/traphdlr.c:1282 (KiTrap0DHandler))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:19a840 (:0 (KiTrap0D))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:1925e6 (ntoskrnl/include/internal/i386/intrin_i.h:45 (KiInitMachineDependent))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:187688 (ntoskrnl/ke/krnlinit.c:305 (KeInitSystem))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:17fb2f (ntoskrnl/ex/init.c:1621 (Phase1InitializationDiscard))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:3247f (ntoskrnl/ex/init.c:2019 (Phase1Initialization))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:11c079 (ntoskrnl/ps/thread.c:156 (PspSystemThreadStartup))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:135c8a (ntoskrnl/ke/i386/thrdini.c:78 (KiThreadStartup))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:11c040 (ntoskrnl/ps/thread.c:141 (PspSystemThreadStartup))>
<5d8950ec>
Couldn't access memory at 0x83E58959!
kdb:> bt
[Active TSS 0x0050 @ 0x80A10CA0]
Eip:
<ntoskrnl.exe:153529 (sdk/lib/rtl/i386/debug_asm.S:57 (RtlpBreakWithStatusInstruction))>
Frames:
<ntoskrnl.exe:899b0 (ntoskrnl/ke/bug.c:1136 (KeBugCheckWithTf))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:19a1d8 (ntoskrnl/ke/i386/traphdlr.c:917 (KiTrap08Handler))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:19a145 (:0 (KiTrap08))>
[Parent TSS 0x0028 @ 0x8009C000]
<ntoskrnl.exe:1925e6 (ntoskrnl/include/internal/i386/intrin_i.h:45 (KiInitMachineDependent))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:187688 (ntoskrnl/ke/krnlinit.c:305 (KeInitSystem))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:17fb2f (ntoskrnl/ex/init.c:1621 (Phase1InitializationDiscard))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:3247f (ntoskrnl/ex/init.c:2019 (Phase1Initialization))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:11c079 (ntoskrnl/ps/thread.c:156 (PspSystemThreadStartup))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:135c8a (ntoskrnl/ke/i386/thrdini.c:78 (KiThreadStartup))>
<ntoskrnl.exe:11c040 (ntoskrnl/ps/thread.c:141 (PspSystemThreadStartup))>
<5d8950ec>
Couldn't access memory at 0x83E58959!

bugcheck

Syntax: bugcheck

Crash the system.

cont

Syntax: cont

Continue execution (leave debugger).

cregs

Syntax: cregs

Display control, descriptor table and task segment registers.

kdb:> cregs
CR0  0x8001003b  PE MP TS ET NE WP PG
CR2  0x01720000
CR3  0x006ca000  Pagedir-Base 0x006ca000
CR4  0x00000619  VME DE PSE OSFXSR OSXMMEXCPT
GDTR Base 0x806c9000  Size 0x03ff
LDTR 0x0000
IDTR Base 0x806c9400  Size 0x07ff
TR   0x0028

disasm

Syntax: disasm [address] [L count]

Disassemble count instructions at address.

kdb:> disasm
<c00a1535>: call   <0xC009D350>
<c00a153a>: call   <0xC009D110>
<c00a153f>: call   <ntoskrnl.exe:2e990>
<c00a1544>: call   <0xC009DDD0>
<c00a1549>: mov    0xc0104d40,%eax
<c00a154e>: cmpb   $0x0,(%eax)
<c00a1551>: je     <0xC00A1597>
<c00a1553>: lea    0x0(%esi),%esi
<c00a1559>: lea    0x0(%edi,1),%edi
<c00a1560>: sub    $0x8,%esp

Intel syntax is also supported:

kdb:> set syntax intel
kdb:> disasm
<c00a1535>: call   <0xC009D350>
<c00a153a>: call   <0xC009D110>
<c00a153f>: call   <ntoskrnl.exe:2e990>
<c00a1544>: call   <0xC009DDD0>
<c00a1549>: mov    eax,ds:0xc0104d40
<c00a154e>: cmp    BYTE PTR [eax],0x0
<c00a1551>: je     <0xC00A1597>
<c00a1553>: lea    esi,[esi]
<c00a1559>: lea    edi,[edi*1]
<c00a1560>: sub    esp,0x8

dmesg

Syntax: dmesg

Display debug messages on the screen (with pagination).

dregs

Syntax: dregs

Display debug registers.

kdb:> dregs
DR0  0x00000000
DR1  0x00000000
DR2  0x00000000
DR3  0x00000000
DR6  0xffff0ff0
DR7  0x00000400

dt

Syntax: dt [mod] [type] [addr]

Print a struct. The address is optional.

filter

Syntax: filter [error|warning|trace|info|level]+|-[componentname|default]

Enable/disable debug channels. If no parameters are given, display the list of available debug filter components.

Example: List of available debug channels.

kdb:> filter
REMARKS:
- The 'WIN2000' system-wide debug filter component is used for DbgPrint()
  messages without Component ID and Level.
- The 'DEFAULT' debug filter component is used for DbgPrint() messages with
  an unknown Component ID.

The list of debug filter components currently available on your system is:

 Component Name        Component ID
================      ==============
         WIN2000        0xffffffff
         DEFAULT        0x00000065
          SYSTEM        0x00000000
            SMSS        0x00000001
           SETUP        0x00000002
            NTFS        0x00000003
           FSTUB        0x00000004
       CRASHDUMP        0x00000005
         CDAUDIO        0x00000006
           CDROM        0x00000007
        CLASSPNP        0x00000008
            DISK        0x00000009
         REDBOOK        0x0000000a
        STORPROP        0x0000000b
        SCSIPORT        0x0000000c
    SCSIMINIPORT        0x0000000d
          CONFIG        0x0000000e
        I8042PRT        0x0000000f
        SERMOUSE        0x00000010
        LSERMOUS        0x00000011
          KBDHID        0x00000012
          MOUHID        0x00000013
        KBDCLASS        0x00000014
        MOUCLASS        0x00000015
        TWOTRACK        0x00000016
          WMILIB        0x00000017
            ACPI        0x00000018
            AMLI        0x00000019
         HALIA64        0x0000001a
           VIDEO        0x0000001b
         SVCHOST        0x0000001c
        VIDEOPRT        0x0000001d
           TCPIP        0x0000001e
         DMSYNTH        0x0000001f
         NTOSPNP        0x00000020
         FASTFAT        0x00000021
           SAMSS        0x00000022
          PNPMGR        0x00000023
          NETAPI        0x00000024
        SCSERVER        0x00000025
        SCCLIENT        0x00000026
          SERIAL        0x00000027
         SERENUM        0x00000028
            UHCD        0x00000029
        RPCPROXY        0x0000002a
         AUTOCHK        0x0000002b
          DCOMSS        0x0000002c
        UNIMODEM        0x0000002d
             SIS        0x0000002e
          FLTMGR        0x0000002f
         WMICORE        0x00000030
         BURNENG        0x00000031
           IMAPI        0x00000032
             SXS        0x00000033
          FUSION        0x00000034
        IDLETASK        0x00000035
         SOFTPCI        0x00000036
            TAPE        0x00000037
           MCHGR        0x00000038
            IDEP        0x00000039
          PCIIDE        0x0000003a
          FLOPPY        0x0000003b
             FDC        0x0000003c
         TERMSRV        0x0000003d
         W32TIME        0x0000003e
      PREFETCHER        0x0000003f
        RSFILTER        0x00000040
          FCPORT        0x00000041
             PCI        0x00000042
            DMIO        0x00000043
        DMCONFIG        0x00000044
         DMADMIN        0x00000045
  WSOCKTRANSPORT        0x00000046
             VSS        0x00000047
          PNPMEM        0x00000048
       PROCESSOR        0x00000049
        DMSERVER        0x0000004a
              SR        0x0000004b
      INFINIBAND        0x0000004c
       IHVDRIVER        0x0000004d
        IHVVIDEO        0x0000004e
        IHVAUDIO        0x0000004f
      IHVNETWORK        0x00000050
    IHVSTREAMING        0x00000051
          IHVBUS        0x00000052
             HPS        0x00000053
   RTLTHREADPOOL        0x00000054
             LDR        0x00000055
          TCPIP6        0x00000056
          ISAPNP        0x00000057
            SHPC        0x00000058
        STORPORT        0x00000059
    STORMINIPORT        0x0000005a
    PRINTSPOOLER        0x0000005b
      VSSDYNDISK        0x0000005c
        VERIFIER        0x0000005d
             VDS        0x0000005e
          VDSBAS        0x0000005f
          VDSDYN        0x00000060
        VDSDYNDR        0x00000061
          VDSLDR        0x00000062
         VDSUTIL        0x00000063
         DFRGIFC        0x00000064
              MM        0x00000066
            DFSC        0x00000067
           WOW64        0x00000068
            ALPC        0x00000069
             WDI        0x0000006a
         PERFLIB        0x0000006b
             KTM        0x0000006c
        IOSTRESS        0x0000006d
            HEAP        0x0000006e
            WHEA        0x0000006f
         USERGDI        0x00000070
           MMCSS        0x00000071
             TPM        0x00000072
     THREADORDER        0x00000073
         ENVIRON        0x00000074
             EMS        0x00000075
             WDT        0x00000076
          FVEVOL        0x00000077
            NDIS        0x00000078
        NVCTRACE        0x00000079
           LUAFV        0x0000007a
       APPCOMPAT        0x0000007b
         USBSTOR        0x0000007c
        SBP2PORT        0x0000007d
        COVERAGE        0x0000007e
        CACHEMGR        0x0000007f
        MOUNTMGR        0x00000080
             CFR        0x00000081
             TXF        0x00000082
          KSECDD        0x00000083
      FLTREGRESS        0x00000084
            MPIO        0x00000085
           MSDSM        0x00000086
            UDFS        0x00000087
           PSHED        0x00000088
         STORVSP        0x00000089
           LSASS        0x0000008a
         SSPICLI        0x0000008b
             CNG        0x0000008c
           EXFAT        0x0000008d
       FILETRACE        0x0000008e
           XSAVE        0x0000008f
              SE        0x00000090
   DRIVEEXTENDER        0x00000091

Example:

kdb:> filter trace+i8042prt

Example:

kdb:> filter +serial

gdt

Syntax: gdt

Display the global descriptor table.

kdb:> gdt
GDT Base: 0x806c9000  Limit: 0x03ff
  Idx  Sel.    Type         Base        Limit       DPL  Attribs
  001  0x0008  CODE32       0x00000000  0x0fffffff  00   R/X A
  002  0x0010  DATA32       0x00000000  0x0fffffff  00   R/W A
  003  0x001b  CODE32       0x00000000  0x0fffffff  03   R/X A
  004  0x0023  DATA32       0x00000000  0x0fffffff  03   R/W A
  005  0x0028  TSS32(Busy)  0x8009c000  0x000020ac  00
  006  0x0030  DATA32       0xffdff000  0x00001fff  00   R/W A
  007  0x003b  DATA32       0x00000000  0x00001000  03   R/W A
  008  0x0043  DATA16       0x00000400  0x00010000  03   R/W
  009  0x0048  LDT          0x00000000  0x00000001  00
  010  0x0050  TSS32(Avl)   0x80a10ca0  0x00000069  00
  011  0x0058  TSS32(Avl)   0x80a10c20  0x00000069  00
  012  0x0060  DATA16       0x00020000  0x00010000  00   R/W
  013  0x0068  DATA16       0x000b8000  0x00004000  00   R/W
  014  0x0070  DATA16       0xffff7000  0x00000400  00   R/W
  015  0x0078  UNKNOWN      [NP]        [NP]        00   NP

help

Syntax: help

Display help screen.

kdb:> help
Kernel debugger commands:
* Data:
  ? expression         - Evaluate expression.
  disasm [address] [L count] - Disassemble count instructions at address.
  x [address] [L count] - Display count dwords, starting at address.
  regs                 - Display general purpose registers.
  cregs                - Display control, descriptor table and task segment registers.
  sregs                - Display status registers.
  dregs                - Display debug registers.
  bt [*frameaddr|thread id] - Prints current backtrace or from given frame address.

* Flow control:
  cont                 - Continue execution (leave debugger).
  step [count]         - Execute single instructions, stepping into interrupts.
  next [count]         - Execute single instructions, skipping calls and reps.
  bl                   - List breakpoints.
  be [breakpoint]      - Enable breakpoint.
  bd [breakpoint]      - Disable breakpoint.
  bc [breakpoint]      - Clear breakpoint.
  bpx [address] [IF condition] - Set software execution breakpoint at address.
  bpm [r|w|rw|x] [byte|word|dword] [address] [IF condition] - Set memory breakpoint at address.

* Process/Thread:
  thread [list[ pid]|[attach ]tid] - List threads in current or specified process, display thread with given id or attach to thread.
  proc [list|[attach ]pid] - List processes, display process with given id or attach to process.

* System info:
  mod [address]        - List all modules or the one containing address.
  gdt                  - Display the global descriptor table.
  ldt                  - Display the local descriptor table.
  idt                  - Display the interrupt descriptor table.
  pcr                  - Display the processor control region.
  tss [selector|*descaddr] - Display the current task state segment, or the one specified by its selector number or descriptor address.

* Others:
  bugcheck             - Bugchecks the system.
  reboot               - Reboots the system.
  filter [error|warning|trace|info|level]+|-[componentname|default] - Enable/disable debug channels.
  set [var] [value]    - Sets var to value or displays value of var.
  dmesg                - Display debug messages on screen, with navigation on pages.
  kmsg                 - Kernel dmesg. Alias for dmesg.
  help                 - Display help screen.
  !pool [Address [Flags]] - Display information about pool allocations.
  !poolused [Flags [Tag]] - Display pool usage.
  !poolfind Tag [Pool] - Search for pool tag allocations.
  !filecache           - Display cache usage.
  !defwrites           - Display cache write values.
  !irpfind [Pool [startaddress [criteria data]]] - Lists IRPs potentially matching criteria.
  !handle [Handle]     - Displays info about handles.

idt

Syntax: idt

Display the interrupt descriptor table.

kdb:> idt
IDT Base: 0x8012d1d0  Limit: 0x0800
  Idx  Type        Seg. Sel.  Offset      DPL
  000  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x800039bf  00
  001  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x800039ce  00
  002  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x800039dd  00
  003  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x800039ec  03
  004  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x800039fb  00
  005  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a0a  00
  006  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a19  00
  007  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a28  00
  008  TASKGATE    0x0050                 00
  009  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a3d  00
  010  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a4c  00
  011  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a59  00
  012  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a66  00
  013  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a73  00
  014  INTGATE32   0x0008     0x80003a80  00
  015  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a8d  00
  016  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003a9c  00
  017  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003aab  00
  018  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003aba  00
  019  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003ac9  00
  020  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003ad8  00
  ...
  044  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003ad8  00
  045  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x8006ef9f  03
  046  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003b79  03
  047  TRAPGATE32  0x0008     0x80003ad8  00
  ...

kmsg

Syntax: kmsg

Alias for dmesg.

ldt

Syntax: ldt

Display the local descriptor table.

kdb:> ldt
Local descriptor table is empty.

mod

Syntax: mod [address]

List all modules or the one containing address.

kdb:> mod
  Base      Size      Name
  c0000000  00096ca0  ntoskrnl.exe
  c039c000  00007de0  hal.dll

next

Syntax: next [count]

Execute single instructions, skipping calls and reps.

pcr

Syntax: pcr

Display the processor control region.

kdb:> pcr
Current PCR is at 0xFFDFF000.
  Tib.ExceptionList:         0xffffffff
  Tib.StackBase:             0x00000000
  Tib.StackLimit:            0x00000000
  Tib.SubSystemTib:          0x8009c000
  Tib.FiberData/Version:     0x000282ed
  Tib.ArbitraryUserPointer:  0x00000001
  Tib.Self:                  0x00000000
  SelfPcr:                   0xffdff000
  PCRCB:                     0xffdff120
  Irql:                      0x00
  IRR:                       0x00000000
  IrrActive:                 0x00000000
  IDR:                       0xffff20b8
  KdVersionBlock:            0x00000000
  IDT:                       0x806c9400
  GDT:                       0x806c9000
  TSS:                       0x8009c000
  MajorVersion:              0x0001
  MinorVersion:              0x0001
  SetMember:                 0x00000001
  StallScaleFactor:          0x00000473
  Number:                    0x00
  L2CacheAssociativity:      0x08
  VdmAlert:                  0x00000000
  L2CacheSize:               0x00040000
  InterruptMode:             0x00000000

proc

Syntax: proc [list|[attach ]pid]

List processes, display process with given id or attach to process.

kdb:> proc
Current process:
  PID:             0x00000004
  State:           Unknown (0x0)
  Image Filename:  System
kdb:> proc list
  PID         State       Filename
 *0x00000004  Unknown     System
  0x00000058  Active      smss.exe
  0x0000007c  Active      csrss.exe
  0x00000094  Active      winlogon.exe
  0x000000b0  Active      setup.exe

regs

Syntax: regs

Display general purpose registers.

kdb:> regs
CS:EIP  0x0008:0xc00b880a
SS:ESP  0xd754:0x00000000
   EAX  0x01c634d3   EBX  0x0000940e
   ECX  0x00000000   EDX  0x00000000
   ESI  0x002ff000   EDI  0x00000000
   EBP  0xc0103c70
EFLAGS  0x00200202  IF IOPL0 ID

set

Syntax: set [var] [value]

Sets var to value or displays value of var.

kdb:> set
Available settings:
  syntax [intel|at&t]
  condition [exception|*] [first|last] [never|always|kmode|umode]
kdb:> set syntax
syntax = at&t
kdb:> set condition
Conditions:                 (First)  (Last)
  #00  ZERODEVIDE           never    kmode
  #01  DEBUGTRAP            always   never
  #02  NMI                  never    always
  #03  INT3                 kmode    never
  #04  OVERFLOW             never    kmode
  #05  BOUND                never    kmode
  #06  INVALIDOP            never    kmode
  #07  NOMATHCOP            never    kmode
  #08  DOUBLEFAULT          always   always
  #09  RESERVED(9)          always   always
  #10  INVALIDTSS           never    kmode
  #11  SEGMENTNOTPRESENT    never    kmode
  #12  STACKFAULT           never    kmode
  #13  GPF                  never    kmode
  #14  PAGEFAULT            never    kmode
  #15  RESERVED(15)         always   always
  #16  MATHFAULT            never    kmode
  #17  ALIGNMENTCHECK       never    kmode
  #18  MACHINECHECK         never    kmode
  #19  SIMDFAULT            never    kmode
       OTHERS               never    kmode

Example: Enabling usermode software breakpoints.

kdb:> set condition int3 first always
kdb:> set condition int3
Condition for exception #03 (INT3): FirstChance always  LastChance never

Example: Catching all exceptions.

kdb:> set condition * first always

sregs

Syntax: sregs

Display segment/selector registers.

kdb:> sregs
CS  0x0008  Index 0x0001  GDT RPL0
DS  0x0010  Index 0x0002  GDT RPL0
ES  0x0010  Index 0x0002  GDT RPL0
FS  0x0030  Index 0x0006  GDT RPL0
GS  0x0010  Index 0x0002  GDT RPL0
SS  0xd754  Index 0x1aea  LDT RPL0

step

Syntax: step [count]

Execute single instructions, stepping into interrupts (i.e. when EIP points to int 0x2e KDB gets the address of the interrupt handler, sets a INT3 there and continues execution)

thread

Syntax: thread [list[ pid]|[attach ]tid]

List threads in current or specified process, display thread with given id or attach to thread.

kdb:> thread
Current Thread:
  TID:            0x00000000
  State:          Running (0x2)
  Priority:       8
  Affinity:       0x00000001
  Initial Stack:  0x8011f5a0
  Stack Limit:    0x8011c5a0
  Stack Base:     0x8011f5a0
  Kernel Stack:   0x8011f5a0
  Trap Frame:     0x00000000
  NPX State:      Invalid (0x1)
kdb:> thread list
  TID         State        Prior.  Affinity    EBP         EIP
 *0x00000000  Running        8     0x00000001  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x00000008  Blocked       16     0xffffffff  0x9cdcbd38  0x8001009e
  0x0000000c  Blocked       16     0xffffffff  0x9cdced38  0x8001009e
  0x00000010  Blocked       16     0xffffffff  0x9cdd1d38  0x8001009e
  0x00000014  Blocked       16     0xffffffff  0x9cdd4d38  0x8001009e
  0x00000018  Blocked       16     0xffffffff  0x9cdd7d38  0x8001009e
  0x0000001c  Ready          0     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x00000020  Ready          0     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x00000024  Ready          0     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x00000028  Ready          0     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x0000002c  Ready          0     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x00000030  Blocked       31     0xffffffff  0x9cde9d38  0x8001009e
  0x00000034  Blocked       31     0xffffffff  0x9cdecd38  0x8001009e
  0x00000038  Blocked       31     0xffffffff  0x9cdefd38  0x8001009e
  0x0000003c  Blocked       31     0xffffffff  0x9cdf2d38  0x8001009e
  0x00000040  Blocked       31     0xffffffff  0x9cdf5d38  0x8001009e
  0x00000044  Blocked        8     0xffffffff  0x9cdf8d28  0x8001009e
  0x00000048  Ready          0     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x0000004c  Blocked       17     0xffffffff  0x9cdfed08  0x8001009e
  0x00000050  Ready          1     0xffffffff  0x00000000  0x00000000
  0x00000054  Blocked       16     0xffffffff  0x9ce04d28  0x8001009e

tss

Syntax: tss [selector|*descaddr]

Display the current task state segment, or the one specified by its selector number or descriptor address.

kdb:> tss
Current TSS 0x0028 is at 0x8009C000.
  Backlink:  0x0000
  Ss0:Esp0:  0x0010:0x809fcdf0
  CR3:       0x00000000
  EFlags:    0x00000000
  Eax:       0x00000000
  Ebx:       0x00000000
  Ecx:       0x00000000
  Edx:       0x00000000
  Esi:       0x00000000
  Edi:       0x00000000
  Eip:       0x00000000
  Esp:       0x00000000
  Ebp:       0x00000000
  Cs:        0x0000
  Ss:        0x0000
  Ds:        0x0000
  Es:        0x0000
  Fs:        0x0000
  Gs:        0x0000
  LDT:       0x0000
  Flags:     0x0000
  IoMapBase: 0x20ac

kdb:> tss 0x50
Specified TSS 0x0050 is at 0x80A10CA0.
  Backlink:  0x0000
  Ss0:Esp0:  0x0010:0x809fa000
  CR3:       0x006ca000
  EFlags:    0x00000000
  Eax:       0x00000000
  Ebx:       0x00000000
  Ecx:       0x00000000
  Edx:       0x00000000
  Esi:       0x00000000
  Edi:       0x00000000
  Eip:       0x8099a140
  Esp:       0x809fa000
  Ebp:       0x00000000
  Cs:        0x0008
  Ss:        0x0010
  Ds:        0x0023
  Es:        0x0023
  Fs:        0x0030
  Gs:        0x0000
  LDT:       0x0000
  Flags:     0x0000
  IoMapBase: 0x20ac

x

Syntax: x [address] [L count]

Display count dwords, starting at address.

kdb:> x ebp
<c0103c70>: c0103c80 c000fbec 00000000 012ff000
<c0103c80>: c0103de0 c00b91e6 00000001 c011bc90
<c0103c90>: 00000014 c0103dc4 00000000 00000000
<c0103ca0>: 00000000 c03c6000 c0397000 c0125000

!pool

Syntax: !pool [Address [Flags]]

Display information about pool allocations.

!poolused

Syntax: !poolused [flags] [tag]

Display current pool usage (paged and non paged) for all tags.

It is possible to show only a tag, or a subset of tags, thanks to the wildcard '?' (replaces a char).

kdb:> !poolused
Pool Used:
                NonPaged                        Paged
Tag             Allocs          Used            Allocs          Used
'ObCI'          3               192             0               0
'VPB '          8               768             0               0
'ObSc'          0               0               21              2840
'Rqrv'          0               0               121             664
'USTR'          0               0               365             6528
'SCSI'          51              163984          20              384
'RSYM'          6               2271840         0               0
'TOKu'          0               0               2               192

!poolfind

Syntax: !poolfind Tag [Pool]

Search for pool tag allocations.

!filecache

Syntax: !filecache

Display cache usage.

!defwrites

Syntax: !defwrites

Display cache write values.

!irpfind

Syntax: !irpfind [Pool [startaddress [criteria data]]]

Lists IRPs potentially matching criteria.

!handle

Syntax: !handle [Handle]

Displays info about handles.